Słodowa Island is a small island on the Odra river in Stare Miasto district and downtown water junction, in the neighborhood of Bielarska Island and Młyńska Island that are a bit smaller than Słodowa. Słodowa Island is divided from Młyńska Island by a short watercourse and it is connected with this island through Słodowy Bridge and Bielarska Island is connected through 20 meter long Saint Klara Brigde that is located above the canal that is a remnant of two mills. The first of them belonged to the monastery of Poor Clares, and the second one to Franciscans of Saint Jacob. The first one was built in 1242 and the second in 1275. After some time the second one also became the property of Poor Clares so they were called Saint Clare’s mills.

Both islands were originally called Bielarska Tylna and Bielarska Przednia (nowadays Słodowa). The names came from the painter canvas’ guild that worked there. The ground of the island belonged to Poor Clares since the Middle Ages, when they stayed outside the city walls, through the XVIIIth century’s rebuilding of fortifications on the right edge of the Odra River, till the 1807-1810 when the fortifications were demolished and the island changed the owner for the city hall. Then there were built two iron bridges between the islands and the residential buildings on them.

In the first part of the XXth century there was built the route that joined two edges of the Odra River. In the Second World War during the siege all buildings were destroyed; only the mills and few other buildings were saved.

Saint Clara’s mills existed till 1975, when they were destroyed by sappers. It was a decision of president Marian Czuliński and was criticized by all citizens and people of culture inter alia Jerzy Waldorff, architects, urbanites and restorers especially because one year before there had been introduced a programme that protected monuments. The mills weren’t dangerous and after rebuilding they could have been a great example of the Middle Age monuments.

Source: Wikipedia

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